A Sogdian Mortuary Couch
Bas Relief, Northern Qi dynasty, A.D. 550-577
China, Henan province, probably Ce xian
Click on any part to learn more and view an image of the associated piece.
The rear lateral stretcher from the base of a funerary couch with Sogdian musicians and a dancer
This diagram is from the Smithsonian, but it links to better pictures (including from the Smithsonian).
At least nine stone slabs were once part of an elaborate stone couch (shichuang), a rare type of burial furniture used for the repose of the deceased.
Couches made for nobles in northern China in the fifth to seventh century are commonly decorated with scenes inspired by the teachings of Confucius (551–479 BCE) or with protective spirits guiding the dead to the afterlife.
This base, however, is carved with an unusual combination of Buddhist and secular themes.
Double lotus petals—a Buddhist emblem of purity—form a continuous band across the top, while pearl roundels with musicians and dancers dressed in non-Chinese costumes (with boots, tight pants, and belted jackets) appear above figures of Buddhist deities and religious guardians.
Reference: The role of the Sogdian Colonies in the diffusion of the pearl roundels pattern by Matteo Compareti
Charles Lang Freer, the founder of the Freer Gallery of Art, acquired three slabs from a Chinese art dealer in 1915.
Five additional parts are now dispersed in other museum collections; one element is still missing.
Short tangs projecting from the upper slabs align with these pieces to form the bed.
Like the base, the upper pieces feature lively scenes of Sogdian life in China.
This combination underscores how the Sogdians traveled far from their ancestral home in Central Asia and freely borrowed from the diverse religions and cultures they encountered.
Sogdian murals from Panjakent (Panjikant), 6th-8th Centuries
Cup with horseman, Khwarezm c.7th to beginning of the 8th Century
Iranian Dish with a Horse-archer Hunting, c.8th Century
A Sogdian Horse Archer in Armies of the Dark Ages 600-1066 by Ian Heath
Sogdian split tapestry (kilim) coat with animal motifs, Central Asia, 9th/10th Century
Other 6th Century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers