An illustration in the 1305-14
by Rashid al-Din.
or Compendium of Chronicles
Ğāmi‛ al-tavārīḫ. Rašīd al-Dīn Fazl-ullāh Hamadānī
Birth of the Prophet Muhammed
A larger image of the Birth of the Prophet Muhammed, Jami' al-Tawarikh, 1305-14
Fig. 130 (cat. no. 6) The Birth of the Prophet Muhammad from the Jamiʿ al-Tawarikh (Compendium of Chronicles) by Rashid al-Din, Iran (Tabriz), ca. 714/A.D. 1314-1315. Fol. 44r; ink, colors, and gold on paper. Edinburgh University Library, (MS Arab 20)
6 Figs. 130, 172
ca. A.H. 714/A.D. 1314-1315.
151 folios: ink, colors, and gold on paper
42 x 32 cm (16½ x 12½ in.)
Edinburgh University Library, (MS Arab 20)
Source: pp. 112 & 245, The Legacy of Genghis Khan Courtly Art and Culture in Western Asia 1256 1353
The illustrators of the Jami‛ al-Tawarikh often borrowed iconography from other traditions, such as Christian manuscripts, to create their images.
For the birth of Muhammad, they adapted a Christian nativity scene. The three women on the left take the place of the three magi.
The grandfather of the prophet Abd al-Muttalib on the right takes the place of Joseph.
In other images, the compositions might be original, but stock figures would be used in them.
Il-Khanid: Tabriz, 1314
Edinburgh University Library, MS. Or. 20, fol. 42r
Previous: Abd al-Muttalib and al-Harith about to Discover Zamzam, f41r Next: Mohammad as a youth meets the monk Bahira
Back to the Jami‛ al-Tawarikh of 1305-14