Ilkhanid Illustration
Iskandar builds a wall against Gog and Magog
from the 1341 Inju Shahnama, Shiraz

Click for a larger image.

Miniature from a copy of Firdawsi’s Shah-nama made for Qiwamuddawla wa’l-Din Hasan. “Iskandar Contemplates the Peoples Gog and Magog”
Iran, Shiraz; 741 H = 1341
Leaf: 36 × 29.5 cm

This miniature comes from a manuscript made for the Injuid prince Abu Shaq’s vizier Qiwamuddawla wa’l-Din Hasan.

Iskandar – Alexander the Great – was transformed in the Shah-nama into a son of King Darab (Darius II) and the daughter of Philip of Macedonia. There is consequently nothing strange about Iskandar vanquishing his half-brother Dara (Darius III) and becoming ruler of Iran.

Iskandar was viewed as a very wise prince and is mentioned indirectly in the Koran as the one who enclosed the barbaric peoples Gog and Magog behind an impenetrable wall. The same story is told here in the “Book of Kings.”

Inv. nr. 13/1990
Source: (43) David Collection Museum, Copenhagen

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