COSTUME OF TURKEY,
ILLUSTRATED BY A SERIES OF
DESCRIPTIONS IN ENGLISH AND FRENCH.
IN THEIR DRESS OF CEREMONY.
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Janissaries in official dress.
THE formation and first establishment of that vast body of men, the Janissaries, is said to have taken place during be reign either of Osman I. or Morad II. They were at first composed of boys, who were sent tributes from Macedonia, Bulgaria, and the different Greek Provinces. Being sent at a very early age, they were brought up to the Mussulman religion, and were called “ Hadjèm-Oglàr,” the children of strangers. This tribute, however, was soon altered to the more convenient one of money, and this corps has since been supplied by volunteers. Hence called “ Yeni-tcherì,” new soldiers, and by Europeans corrupted to Janissary.
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