Humayun Defeats His Rebellious Brother Kamran At Kabul, 1533
from the Akbarnama

A larger image of Humayun Defeats His Rebellious Brother Kamran At Kabul, 1533, from the Akbarnama

This painting illustrates a scene from the reign of Humayun, who encountered much resistance from his rival brothers, especially Kamran, the governor of Kabul and Qandahar in modern Afghanistan. Although Humayun had distributed the various provinces of the empire he had inherited to each of his four brothers, soon Kamran had banded together with another brother, Askari, and seized control of the Punjab from Humayun. Humayun was exiled between 1539 CE and 1555 CE, during which time he sought refuge at the Safavid court of Shah Tahmasp (r. 1524-76 CE). With Tahmasp’s support, Humayun led a Mughal-Persian force into Qandahar and Kabul, where he entered an eight-year war with Kamran until he finally seized Kabul in 1553 CE; that moment is depicted here. Kamran was taken captive and punished by blinding (Richards 1993, pp. 9-11). Sources: Agha Khan Museum &

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Mughal Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers in the Akbarnama