Commentary on the Apocalypse by Beatus of Liébana
Illustrated Beatus manuscripts bring to life an extraordinary vision of the end of the world, as recorded by Saint John in the Apocalypse (Book of Revelation) and filtered through the lens of Beatus of Liébana, an eighth-century Asturian monk.
Some manuscripts include St. Jerome's Commentary on Daniel, which includes illustrations of "Nebuchadnezzar's Army Besieges Jerusalem" and "Daniel in the Lions' Den".
The San Miguel Beatus Codex, Spain, c.960AD
Pierpont Morgan Library, New York. Ms 644



The death of the two witnesses

The victory of the Lamb over the kings



Jerusalem Besieged



Nebuchadnezzar's Army Besieges
Jerusalem

Daniel in the Lions' Den
while Darius Lies Sleepless

The Valcavado Beatus Codex, Spain, 970AD
Valladolid, Biblioteca de la Universidad, MS 433



The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

Jerusalem Besieged



The Urgell Beatus Codex, Spain, 975AD
Musei Diocesá de La Seu d'Urgell



The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

The Siege of Jerusalem



Nebuchadnezzar's Army Besieging Jerusalem



The Gerona Beatus Codex, Spain, 975AD
Girona Cathedral, Catalonia



Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

Horseman Fighting a Dragon

Jerusalem Besieged



The Facundus Beatus Codex, Spain, 1047AD
Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional, Ms Vit.14.2



The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse



The Army Of Horsemen On Lion-Headed Horses



The victorious Christ
The Word of God



Siege of Jerusalem



Nebuchadnezzar's Army Besieging Jerusalem


Darius lies sleepless while Daniel's feet are licked by the lions


Harvest



Beatus de Saint-Sever, 1028-1072AD, Southwestern France.
Bibliothèque nationale de France, manuscript Latin 8878



The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse



Monstrous Cavalry



Ten Kings and their Army



Victory of the Lamb



Kings mourning
about Babylon

Eschatological Combat



The Osma Beatus Codex, Spain, 1086AD
Cathedral of El Burgo de Osma (Soria). Archives. Cod. 1.



The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

Deaths of the Patriarchs Enoch and Elias

Victory of the Lamb



The Victorious Christ
The Word of God

The Silos Beatus Codex, Spain, 1090-1109AD
British Library Add. MS 11695.



f102v Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

f136v The Riders on Lion-Headed Horses

f143r The Antichrist Kills the Two Witnesses

f194r A Knight



f196r The Rider upon the White Horse


f198v Triumph of the Rider over the Beast



f222v Siege of
Jerusalem



f223r Nebuchadnezzar's Army attacks Jerusalem



f239r Daniel in the Lions' Den
while Darius Lies Sleepless

The Turin Beatus Codex, Spain, early 12th century
Biblioteca Nazionale Universitaria di Torino, Sgn I. II. 1



The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

Jerusalem Besieged



The Cardena Beatus Codex, Spain, early 12th century
Archaeological Museum, Madrid



The Antichrist Kills the Two Witnesses


Rylands Beatus Codex, Spain, c.1175
John Rylands University Library


The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse
The army on lion-headed horses



Jerusalem
Death of the two witnesses

Where kings or merchants lament for Babylon


The Antichrist

Nebuchadnezzar besieges Jerusalem

Jerusalem under siege

The Lorvão Beatus Codex, Portugal, 1189AD
Arquivo Nacional Torre do Tombo



The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

The great earthquake
Lorvão Beatus

Horses with heads of lions

The death of the two witnesses

Harvest and vintage
Lorvão Beatus

The host of heaven

The Navarra Beatus Codex, Navarre, late 12th century
Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, Manuscript Nouvelle acquisition latine 1366



Combat contre le Dragon
Fight against the Red Dragon

Victoire de l'Agneau
Victory of the Lamb

Faux prophète dans le feu
False prophet in the fire

Las Huelgas Beatus Codex, Spain, 1220AD
Morgan Pierpont Library M.429



Opening Of The First Two Seals, The Horsemen



Darius lies sleepless



Horsemen On Lion-Headed
Horses

Capture of the Beast and of the False Prophet



The army of Nebuchadnezzar besieges Jerusalem

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