Psalter of Theodore of Caesarea, Byzantine, 11th century


Sleeping Guards at the Sepulcre


Archers shooting at the just man


Warriors and David in pit


Sleeping Guards at the Sepulcre


Seven sleepers of Ephesus


The betrayal


Siege where Uriah died


King Saul and David


David praying
King Saul and soldier


David and two foreigners


Byzantine soldiers in scale armour & chausses


David enthroned & guards


Soldiers of Sobal burning / arrival of Joab


Constantine mounted with cross attacked by archers


King David with guards


St. Procopius mounted


Christ on Cross and soldier with sponge


Adoration of the Magi


Byzantine cavalry & defeated enemy


Massacre of the Innocents



Phineas executing judgement


St. Anthimus and the twenty thousand martyrs of Nicomedia


Two mounted soldiers


Hebrews defeated by their enemies


Warrior with mace and shield


Death of Absalom


David and Goliath


David meets Saul enthroned


Habakkuk the Prophet / angel slaying the ungodly


David defeats Goliath


Psalter, including Psalm 151 and The Book of Odes (Rahlfs 1088). Decoration: The first two psalms, with the titles and initial letters of every verse of the remainder, are written in gold. The manuscript is profusely illustrated throughout with miniatures painted on the margins of the leaves.
Language: Greek, Ancient
Physical Description
  Material: Parchment.
  Foliation: ff 208.
  Dimensions: 230 x 220 mm.
  Binding: Full goat leather binding, 20th century, British Library.
  Scribe: Monk and presbyter Theodoros (of Caesarea)
Ownership
Origin: Eastern Mediterranean (Constantinople). Provenance: Theodore, protopresbyter of the Studios Monastery in Constantinople, made the manuscript for Abbot Michael, in 1066 (colophon, f 208r). Owned by Henry Perigal Borrell of Smyrna, who is reported to have obtained it from the library of Archbishop of Scio (diary of Frederick Madden, 2 February 1853). Purchased at sale of Henry Perigal Borrell, Sotheby's, 2 February 1853, lot 65.
Source: British Library Add MS 19352, Theodore Psalter


Referenced as figure 224 in The military technology of classical Islam by D Nicolle
224. Manuscript, Studite Psalter 1066 AD, Byzantine, British Lib., Ms. Add. 19352, ff. 41, 45, 73, 74, 77, 99, 123, 141, 178 and 190, London.



See also The Cynegetica of Pseudo-Oppian, Byzantine, Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana Ms Grec 479, Venice, 11th century
The Hidden Church (Sakli Kilise) Cappadocia, Turkey, showing Byzantine soldiers, by Steven Lowe
Other Byzantine Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers